Glasgow:
The vision

If you're prepared to sit down and read through A Highway Plan for Glasgow long enough (or, of course, if you just flick through it until you see pictures) you will eventually arrive at a whole chapter of pictures that demonstrate better than anything else what Glasgow was trying to create. At least two were created by Alexander Duncan Bell, a noted Scottish artist.

In this section the pictures are simply presented with the accompanying text from the original document. The real treat has been saved for the end. A lot of the descriptions the consultants provided are written in an overblown, utopian style - but it's important to remember that the intention of the whole scheme was to create a city fit for the future. The text simply reflects the ambition of the project.

"The following perspectives illustrate possible solutions to certain environmental problems created by the development of the Inner Ring Road.

"This section of motorway, encompassing the heart of the City, has been chosen for illustration purposes as it is at the centre of the proposed comprehensive highway system and contains in a concentrated form all the design problems pertaining to the integration of an urban motorway network within the City.

"In preparing these impressions some licence has been used in adopting structural forms and architectural details in areas where these matters have not yet been decided."

A Highway Plan for Glasgow
Townhead interchange

Landscaping of Townhead Interchange

No description was included with this diagram. It is a plan of Townhead Interchange (now the permanently-incomplete M8 junction 15) to illustrate the open spaces where trees could be planted and open lawns created.

Motorway vista

Motorway vista

"View northward from Carnoustie Street Bridge towards the Anderston Cross CDA illustrating the new multi-decked commercial and residential development.

"The proposed Inner Ring roadway will provide Glasgow with a new dimension: while travelling at speeds of 50mph the occupants of any vehicle will be able to orientate themselves quickly and easily with the City Centre by the new architectural forms and other prominent features.

"The very nature of this motorway will define the City into understandable units each with its own identity and from this it will be possible for the citizen to experience what the City means, how it functions and what it symbolises."

Depressed motorway 1

Depressed motorway

"In an area such as Charing Cross, where an important civic and historic building will flank the Inner Ring Road, it is essential to preserve the existing scale of development and to improve the surrounding environment by depressing the motorway.

"To aid this concept, and also to give emphasis to this area of the City, it is suggested that a development should take place across the motorway adjacent to the Mitchell Library in conjunction with the erection of pedestrian bridges. This development would provide protection for pedestrians and create a visual link between both sides of the Inner Ring Road."

Mitchell Library

As a comparison, here is the same view today.

Depressed motorway 2

"A development of this nature would give identity to this unit of the City by producing a significant impact on the skyline when viewed from the motorway.

"The ultimate size of the development would depend upon the economic viability of the land uses proposed at the time this section of motorway is being built."

Elevated motorway

Elevated motorway

"On the south-side of the river Clyde, due to the location of existing railway communications and difficult ground conditions, it has been necessary to elevate the motorway; this elevated section of the motorway will provide many new and exciting glimpses of the City skyline.

"This perspective illustrates one of the vistas looking eastward from the Laurieston/Gorbals high density residential development. The scale of the residential blocks is compatible with the height and mass of the elevated roadway.

"Tall flats in the first phase of the Hutchesontown/Gorbals CDA already completed will form a focal point on the axis of the eastbound carriageway before it swings northward across the river."

Expressway

Expressway

"View of the elevated motorway from a vehicle in Eglinton Street. The continuation of this surface street will form an expressway, being one of the major routes from the City Centre.

"Access to the Inner Ring roadway from the southbound expressway is obtained by the curved ramp illustrated.

"Tree and shrub planting from the river southward adjacent to the railway viaduct will produce a 'parkway' effect, greatly improving the amenity of this section of the City."

Pedestrian route

Pedestrian route

"View of the pedestrian walkway underneath the elevated structure within the Laurieston/Gorbals CDA: this is a typical example of how a motorway can be integrated with new development, by treating the differing architectural forms and landscaping as a whole.

"Areas of open space and pedestrian routes are clearly defined by ground moulding and textured surfaces chosen to suit each particular use function."

Parking area

Parking area

"Typical example of a parking layout beneath an elevated section of motorway. The scale of the floorscape is reduced by the variety of surface textures used to denote the differing space functions.

"Granite setts can be used in the parking bays while larger setts of differing colour may be used to determine the boundary of each bay.

"Heavy cobbles, difficult to walk and drive on, are used to protect the base of the structural columns.

"The edge of the hard landscape is softened wherever possible by the use of shrubs and small trees."

Typical underpass

Typical underpass

"View from the inside of a typical underpass: levels are changed gradually by the use of ramps to create interesting land forms and to make the pathway system more convenient for elderly people and mothers with perambulators.

"Reflective surfaces help increase the level of daylight illumination within the underpass.

"Bold clumps of planting provide a sense of enclosure."

Underpass entrance

Underpass entrance

"Entrance to a pedestrian area from Castle Street under sliproad; Phase I of the Townhead Interchange.

"Stair and ramp access provide alternative means of pedestrian circulation.

"Small scale planting will be introduced to give interest and shelter and, where possible, pedestrian barriers will be integrated with the landscape."

Pedestrian area

Pedestrian area

"Paved pedestrian area within the Townhead Interchange showing the variety of levels and textures used to create an attractive setting.

"The pedestrian walkway passes underneath a sliproad to link with pedestrian circulation in the Royston CDA."

Pedestrian walk

Pedestrian walk

"Typical walkway illustrating the principle of pedestrian and vehicular segregation within the Townhead Interchange.

"From the pedestrian's point of view the planting will be arranged to soften the impact of the new road works, also to provide a sense of enclosure and protection from the movement and noise on the adjacent motorway.

"Path alignment is not so direct as to be uninteresting but will contain subtle curves to match the new ground mouldings."

Structure

Structure

"View of elevated structure within Phase I of the Townhead Interchange, illustrating the 9 feet by 4 feet tapering to 6 feet by 3 feet rectangular column sections supporting the 5 foot deep box beams which carry the main carriageways. The edge of the carriageway is cantilevered a distance of 7 feet from the box beams."

Elevated structure

Elevated structure

"Sections through elevated motorway within the Laurieston/Gorbals CDA.

"Light penetrates through the central reservation into the open space created by linking the school playing fields on either side of the motorway. Pedestrian footpaths link the new housing areas on either side of the motorway and provide access to covered ball and play areas."

Aerial view

Aerial view

"Aerial view of the Townhead Interchange looking north-east illustrating the junction of the Springburn and Monkland Motorways with the Inner Ring Road.

"The construction of this interchange will provide a unique opportunity for co-ordinating and enlarging the open space within the City.

"Pedestrian and vehicular circulation is segregated throughout the interchange. Castle Street to the north is linked with the proposed schools to the west and the new Glasgow Royal Infirmary, situated on the corner site south of the Monkland Motorway.

"A conscious effort has been made to improve the environment of the Cathedral precinct by depressing the Ring Road at this point.

"Special attention has been given to lighting the interchange adequately. Normal street lighting techniques prove difficult at such a complex of roads and for this reason tall masts, approximately 120 feet high, are being erected in preference to a much larger number of smaller standards. These will provide a dome of light covering the entire interchange and its approach roads and will be supplemented by lighting to pedestrian walkways and bridge soffit lighting."