The story of the most astonishing and destructive thing never to happen to London is back on CBRD, after a six month absence.
"Ringways" is the collective name for a series of road proposals made across London in the 1960s and early 1970s that would, taken together, have provided a comprehensive motorway network of four concentric ring roads and twelve radial routes threaded around and through the capital. The four ring roads were named Ringway 1 to Ringway 4.
In their time they cast a shadow across huge swathes of London, blighted homes and businesses and were at the centre of local politics for almost a decade. Greater London Council elections were, literally, won and lost over motorway plans. Even the roads that were never built leave their mark on the buildings, streets and sometimes whole districts that were laid out or modified to accommodate them. And yet today they are almost entirely forgotten, erased from London's collective memory and - despite the fierce battles fought over them and the debates that raged daily in every London newspaper - a surprise to almost everyone who discovers them.
Since 2005, we have been the home of an ongoing research project that has been carefully unearthing and piecing together everything there is to know about these lost motorway plans and the effect they would have had on London. In 2008 we updated our coverage, but since then a lot of new material has come to light that never made it online, and when the new-look CBRD was launched earlier this year we took the pages offline altogether so they could be rewritten and updated.
The first of them are now back - CBRD's Christmas present to you.
Getting this first set of pages updated and back online has taken far longer than I originally planned, largely because of the time it has taken to produce mapping of a suitably high standard and to develop the new format of the pages and some of their more fiddly features. Realistically I expect to be able to publish more pages every few months from now on.
The next to go online will be the background pages, telling the story of the genesis of the Ringways plans, their predecessors, the political fights over them, how they came to be cancelled and what London was left with. We'll then start working through the other pages in sequence, starting with Ringway 2, then Ringway 3, and so on. The last will almost certainly be a handful of new pages that sit alongside the background, painting a picture of London with the Ringways and what it would be like to take a journey on them.
That's enough chatter about the Ringways. You'll find the new pages here. I hope you enjoy them - please leave a comment here and let us know if you do, and if (heaven forbid) you find something wrong, you can always email us.
Roadbuilding in London is a political graveyard. The 1973 GLC elections were lost/won following a long campaign from the late 1960s by the London Amenity Transport Association and then Homes before Roads.
So our main legacy from all this is Westway and the West Cross Route from Shepherds Bush to Westway. The former should have been a reminder of the damage to communities - it is still a festering sore.
The Department of Transport's corridor studies from 1985-90 reintroduced the West Cross Route, this time called the Western Environmental Improvement Route (WEIR).
These schemes were only abandoned at the end of March 1990 - only a month before the London Borough local elections - because they were unpopular and the Conservatives feared they would lose a number of Councils - but it did not work - they lost them anyway, such as Hammersmith and Fulham.
At the time these roads were being planned, public transport, especially railways, was regarded as 'old hat', and expected to run without subsidy. The trams started being scrapped in the 30s, and their replacement, the trolleybuses, were scrapped very soon after leaving stinking diesel buses the only road service. As time went on, the value of public transport in supressing demand for car journeys became clear and subsidies re-assessed as being a traffic preventative measure. So in latter years the London Underground has been greatly expanded and buses get huge subsidies. However, whilst almost nothing has been done for London roads, except removing capacity, it seems to me that a measured program of improvements is now essential. What this would consist of is open to debate, but the intent should be to have a road network that can handle off-peak travel reasonably well, and be combined with other measures like congestion charging or toll gates to give people an incentive not to use their cars. Gateless tolls are now in place, (Dartford and new Mersey Gateway). The Congestion Charge needs a serious rethink so that it really does attack congestion. This means far fewer exemptions to it and it applying 7 days a week not 5. However, the need for a roads program in London is there and in desperate need of a start to be made..
It seems that London is a city that has grown too big for itself. You can't build new roads, you can't build more public transport (London's tunnel network is approaching the point that fitting more in is almost impossible), you can't expand the city outward because of Greenbelt - it's getting to the point where somewhere else needs to be developed into a city. Perhaps relocate the capital? Build a new financial center, with lower tax rates for companies that move in - then hopefully London can finally breathe and become itself once again.
That's some excellent work - and the maps are exceptionally well-crafted! Thanks for updating this section (I think 'overhaul' is the word I'm looking for; 'update' falls far short of the truth).
One thing I could suggest - REL="prev" and REL="next" on the links would make sequential reading slightly easier. But that's a trivial gripe - my overall take is "well done!"
Thoroughly enjoyable and knowledgeable.
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- Artist's impressions of M1 interchange and Belsize Park tunnel are from "New Roads in West and North Central London", GLC, 1965.
- Plan of motorway interchange is extracted from the "South Cross Route Consulting Engineers' Interim Report", 1965, in GLC/TD/DP/LDS/02/097.
- Archive photograph used under licence from London Metropolitan Archives, City of London.