A194(M)

The A194(M), a short spur from the A1(M) south of Gateshead towards the A19 Tyne Tunnel, is a casualty of the A1's continually shifting course in the north east.

Originally, the A1 passed through Gateshead and Newcastle themselves, and when the A1(M) motorway south towards Darlington opened, it came bundled up with this little spur towards South Shields, called the A194(M). But the A1 still passed through a busy urban area and still needed a bypass. It got one when the Tyne Tunnel near Jarrow opened, and the A1 was duly rerouted through the new crossing, absorbing the A194(M) into the A1(M). The spur became the main road.

When the Tyne Tunnel became overcrowded, a new Western Bypass was built, opening in the late 1980s. Now that road is the A1, and it forks off at Washington, meaning the road from Washington to South Shields was a spur once again and got its number back - A194(M) once more. It's the only motorway to have been renumbered and changed back later to its original designation.

Its northern terminus always looks a bit odd on a map. Shouldn't the motorway continue across the roundabout on a flyover instead of stopping? Most of the traffic does exactly that, but for various reasons traffic for the Tyne Tunnel is routed eastwards, to do a dog-leg onto the A19, avoiding the built-up area that the A194 passes through.

Start
Washington
End
Felling
Passes
Gateshead
Connects to
Length
4 miles
Open Junctions Section
Mar 1970 Entire motorway

Exit list

Junction   Northbound               Southbound  
3
59/3 km
Gateshead
Newcastle
A184
Jarrow
A194
Sunderland
South Shields
Tyne Tunnel
A184 (A19 Link)









A184
NORTH
A194









A184
(A19)
N/A
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
1 mile, 2 lanes 1 mile, 2 lanes
2
57/7 km
Washington (N)
Felling
A195
A195 A195 Washington (N)
Felling
A195
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
2 miles, 2 lanes 2 miles, 2 lanes
1
55/2 km
Washington
A182
B1288 A182
(A1)
Washington A182
Gateshead
Newcastle
(A1 North Link)
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
1 mile, 2 lanes 1 mile, 2 lanes
A1(M) J65
53/8 km
N/A A1231

A1



SOUTH
A1(M)


The SOUTH
Durham
Darlington
A1(M) Link
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
Routes

Picture credits

  • Photograph of A194(M) is taken from an original by Steve and used with permission.

With thanks to JP and Mikey for information on this page.