A194(M)

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Route of the A194(M)

The A194(M), a short spur from the A1(M) south of Gateshead towards the A19 Tyne Tunnel, is a casualty of the A1's continually shifting course in the north east.

Originally, the A1 passed through Gateshead and Newcastle themselves, and when the A1(M) motorway south towards Darlington opened, it came bundled up with this little spur towards South Shields, called the A194(M). But the A1 still passed through a busy urban area and still needed a bypass. It got one when the Tyne Tunnel near Jarrow opened, and the A1 was duly rerouted through the new crossing, absorbing the A194(M) into the A1(M). The spur became the main road.

When the Tyne Tunnel became overcrowded, a new Western Bypass was built, opening in the late 1980s. Now that road is the A1, and it forks off at Washington, meaning the road from Washington to South Shields was a spur once again and got its number back — A194(M) once more. It's the only motorway to have been renumbered and changed back later to its original designation.

Its northern terminus always looks a bit odd on a map. Shouldn't the motorway continue across the roundabout on a flyover instead of stopping? Most of the traffic does exactly that, but for various reasons traffic for the Tyne Tunnel is routed eastwards, to do a dog-leg onto the A19, avoiding the built-up area that the A194 passes through.

Factfile

Start Washington (A1(M))
Finish Felling (A184)
Passes Gateshead
Length 4 miles
Connects to A1(M)

Images

Views of the A194(M) from on and off the road. If you have a photo to contribute, contact me.

Thumbnail

Looking north from the Springwell overpass, about halfway along the A194(M). This unusual straight section ends ahead with an abrupt turn right.
Photo by Steve

Construction Timeline

When the various parts of the A194(M) were built, listed in chronological order.

Open Jct Section
Mar1970 Entire motorway

Exit List

All the junctions and destinations along the route.

Junction   Northbound               Southbound
3
59/3
Gateshead
Newcastle
A184
Jarrow
A194
Sunderland
South Shields
Tyne Tunnel
A184 (A19 Link)









A184
NORTH
A194
(Roundabout Interchange)









A184
(A19)
N/A More information about this junction
LanesLanesLanesLanesSigns LanesLanesLanesLanesSigns
1 mile, 2 lanes Up   Down 1 mile, 2 lanes
2
57/7
Washington (N)
Felling
A195
A195 (Roundabout Interchange)(Roundabout Interchange) A195 Washington (N)
Felling
A195
More information about this junction
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
2 miles, 2 lanes Up   Down 2 miles, 2 lanes
1
55/2
Washington
A182
B1288 (Roundabout Interchange)(Roundabout Interchange) A182
(A1)
Washington A182
Gateshead
Newcastle
(A1 North Link)
More information about this junction
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
1 mile, 2 lanes Up   Down 1 mile, 2 lanes
(A1(M) J65)
53/8
N/A A1231

A1


Birtley Interchange (Non-standard interchange)
SOUTH
A1(M)


The SOUTH
Durham
Darlington
A1(M) Link
More information about this junction
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes

With thanks to JP and Mikey for information in this section.