The A194(M) is a casualty of the A1's continually shifting course in the Newcastle area. Originally, the A1 passed through the city. When the A1(M) motorway from Darlington opened, it came with this little spur towards South Shields, the A194(M). The A1 moved to pass through the Tyne Tunnel near Jarrow when that opened, taking over the A194(M) completely. When the Tyne Tunnel became overcrowded, a new Western Bypass was built. Now that road is the A1, and it forks off at Washington, meaning this bit of motorway got its number back - A194(M) once more. It's the only motorway to have been renumbered and changed back later to its original designation.
Its northern terminus is unusual - shouldn't the motorway continue straight over the top? To be quite honest most of it does; however, for political reasons it is preferable to route traffic for the Tyne Tunnel eastwards, to do a dog-leg onto the A19, thus avoiding the built-up area that the A194 passes through.
Views of the A194(M) from on and off the road. If you have a photo to contribute, contact me.
Looking north from the Springwell overpass, about halfway along the A194(M). This unusual straight section ends ahead with an abrupt turn right.
Photo by Steve
When the various parts of the A194(M) were built, listed in chronological order.
All the junctions and destinations along the route.
With thanks to JP and Mikey for information in this section.